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調查:多數美國人認為成為有道德之人並不需要信神
2017/10/21 21:43:06瀏覽112|回應0|推薦0

調查:多數美國人認為成為有道德之人並不需要信神

2017年10月17日|07:03 PM
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無神論者
(圖片:基督郵報)
無神論者參加在華盛頓特區舉行的「理性集會」(Reason Rally).

一份調查顯示,大多數美國成年人和近三分之一的福音派基督徒現在都認為成為一位有道德之人並不需要信仰神。

皮尤研究中心周一發佈的報告顯示,,2011年49%的人認為成為一名有道德和良好價值觀的人不需要是信徒。今年則受訪美國成年人中有56%表示如此

這一結果來源於6月8日-18日和6月27日- 7月9日的調查,該調查發現,32%的白人福音派基督徒認為,對神的信仰不是成為有道德之人的必要,63%的白人主流新教徒也對此表示同意。

黑人新教徒最有可能不同意這一觀點,只有26%說對神的信仰不是必要的,而有多達85%的無宗教信仰人士拒絕信仰神是必要的觀點。

與2011年的調查結果相比,這次所有受調查的宗教團體都傾向於認為信神並不是必要的觀點。

皮尤指出,這種增長“與無宗教人口份額的增長密切相關”。

其他組織,如蓋洛普(Gallup)強調了美國對聖經的信任度不斷下降。該組織在五月公布的一項調查中發現,只有約四分之一的美國人(或24%)認為聖經是“神的真言,要按照字面意思逐字理解”。

另一方面,稍高於26%的人認為聖經是“人類記載的寓言、傳說、歷史和道德規則的書”。

皮尤2014年的另一調查結果顯示,世界上許多其他不發達國家確實認為,信仰神對道德至關重要。

“在接受調查的39個國家中,有22個國家的多數人認為信仰神是成為有道德的、具有良好的價值觀之人的必須。這一立場如果不是普遍的話,也會在非洲和中東地區非常普遍。”

“在非洲調查的六個國家中,至少有四分之三表示,對神的信仰對道德至關重要。在中東,埃及、約旦、土耳其、巴勒斯坦領土、突尼斯和黎巴嫩大約有十分之七或更多的人對此同意。”

報告補充說,北美和歐洲國家最有可能不同意神是必要的觀點。

美國的無神論者一直在提出這樣的觀點:人們數年來沒有神也過着良善和有意義的生活。

幾個廣告活動,包括2011年由紐約州阿默斯特市調查中心(Center for Inquiry,簡稱CFI)贊助的一個廣告活動,都集中在這一信息上。

當時的廣告詞表示:“你不需要上帝也可以擁有希望、關心他人、熱愛生活。”

信教的CFI主席林賽德(Ronald A. Lindsay)因此被迫辭職,表示非宗教人士領導“無意義、自私,以自我為中心的生活”是一個“神話”。

“這不僅是假的,而且很荒唐,“不幸的是,太多人接受這個神話,因為這是他們關於非信徒所聽到的。”

Majority of Americans, Third of Evangelicals Say Faith in God Not Necessary to Be Moral: Pew

(Photo: The Christian Post)Atheists celebrate at the Reason Rally in Washington, D.C., Saturday, March 24, 2012.

A majority of U.S. adults and almost a third of evangelicals now say they believe that faith in God is not needed to be a moral person, a survey has revealed.

The Pew Research Center reported on Monday that 56 percent of all American adults surveyed say they don't think that being a believer is a requirement for someone to be moral and to have good values, which is up from the 49 percent who said the same back in 2011.

The results, based on a survey conducted June 8–18 and June 27–July 9, also found that 32 percent of white evangelical respondents agreed that belief in God is not necessary to be moral, along with 63 percent of white mainline believers who said the same.

Black Protestants were the most likely to disagree with such a view, with only 26 percent saying faith in God is not needed, while as many as 85 percent of the religiously unaffiliated rejected that faith in God is necessary.

Every religious group measured moved more in the direction of siding with the argument that faith in God is not needed for morality, compared to the previous results in 2011.

Pew noted that this growth "tracks closely with the growth in the share of the population that is religiously unaffiliated.

Other organizations, such as Gallup, have highlgihted the declining trust in the Bible in America. A survey released by the group in May found that fewer than one in four Americans, or 24 percent, believe that the Bible is "the actual Word of God, and is to be taken literally, word for word."

A slightly higher 26 percent, on the other hand, argued that the Bible is "a book of fables, legends, history and moral precepts recorded by man."

A separate collection of surveys from Pew in 2014 found that many other countries around the world do see faith in God as essential to morality, however.

"In 22 of 39 countries surveyed, clear majorities say it is necessary to believe in God to be moral and have good values. This position is highly prevalent, if not universal, in Africa and the Middle East," Pew noted at the time.

"At least three-quarters in all six countries surveyed in Africa say that faith in God is essential to morality. In the Middle East, roughly seven-in-10 or more agree in Egypt, Jordan, Turkey, the Palestinian territories, Tunisia and Lebanon."

It added that North American and European countries are most likely to disagree that God is necessary, however.

Atheists in America have been making the argument that people can live good, meaningful lives without God for years. Several ad campaigns, including one in 2011 sponsored by the Center for Inquiry in Amherst, N.Y., have focused on that message.

"You don't need God — to hope, to care, to love, to live," the ad stated at the time.

CFI President Ronald A. Lindsay, who has since stepped down from the role, said that it is a "myth" that nonreligious people lead "meaningless, selfish, self-centered lives."

"This is not only false, it's ridiculous," Lindsay said back then. "Unfortunately, all too many people accept this myth because that's what they hear about nonbelievers."

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