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聖保羅與其羊癲癇幻聽幻想病
2020/08/23 22:47:41瀏覽55|回應0|推薦0

聖保羅與其羊癲癇幻聽幻想病

 

癲癇是一個相當古老的疾病,在古代科學未發達前癲癇被認為是一種超自然、出於神旨的「神聖病」或是被鬼附身的疾病,基督教的使徒聖保羅據醫學觀查就患有此病

癲癇的定義:

癲癇係由不同原因的腦部神經細胞不正常的放電,導致臨床上出現各種不同的症狀如昏到、抽搐、口吐白沫

大小便失禁、目光呆滯、、或是有怪異感覺,比如感覺有蟲在皮膚上爬、聞到怪味道、看到很奇怪的閃光、聽到奇怪的聲音、對某些景像有既視感、心悸、頭昏或出現雞皮疙瘩。….,有的個案經過12120個小時之後,會開始出現精神病性症狀,如幻覺、幻聽、幻想、幻視,這種種妄想與混亂的思考過程,會持續數小時至數週不等。臨床上出現的症狀稱為"發作"(seizure),多次發作稱為"癲癇"(epilepsy) 

癲癇在民間常被俗稱為「羊角風,羊顛風」,又以發作當時所發出的叫聲或手腳外觀形狀的不同而負予不同的命名。因為有的在發作中或剛結束時,口中常會發出低沈像豬叫聲音,, 在台灣稱為”豬母癲”,有些癲癇患者嚴重發作時,會倒地抽搐,看起來像羊受驚嚇,四腳朝天的樣子

,故稱”羊癲風”,其他的叫豬癲,雞癲,馬癲, 狗癲,和猴癲命名,全部都是一樣的病

古代猶太人。認為人生病是因被鬼附了,也認為癲癇病患其口吐泡沫會傳染,對患者心理都會抗拒,

在德國第三帝國時代有35萬癲癇人被希特勒立法,慘遭強制結紮https://bit.ly/3j3d8RS

基督教的約穌在世時就以驅鬼治病出名,保羅書信中說過他曾多次求靠耶穌醫治他的癲癇病,當然是無效!

 

德國癲癇博物館Kork -癲癇和癲癇歷史博物館。記述了聖保羅癲癇病

German Epilepsy Museum kork-epilepsy History Museum

來自 <https://bit.ly/3aRwNkT

聖保羅 Sao Paulo的病: 在古代愛爾蘭,癲癇病被稱為“聖保羅病”這個名稱數百年來暗指使徒聖保羅患有癲癇病。為了支持這個觀點,人們通常指出其在新約聖經(使徒行傳9,3-9)所發生的事,身體原本健康的保羅(或掃羅)在追捕基督徒時,於大馬士革的道路上,他的癲癇病突然發作

使徒行傳 第九章-3-9

3.掃羅行路,將到大馬色,忽然從天上發光,四面照著他(按,應是腦細胞不正常放電,產生幻魘)

4.他就仆倒在地,聽見有聲音對他說:掃羅!掃羅!你為什麼逼迫我?

5.他說:主啊!你是誰?主說:我就是你所逼迫的耶穌。

6.起來!進城去,你所當做的事,必有人告訴你。

7.同行的人站在那裡,說不出話來,聽見聲音,卻看不見人。

8.掃羅從地上起來,睜開眼睛,竟不能看見什麼。有人拉他的手,領他進了大馬色;

9.三日不能看見,也不吃也不喝

哥林多後書 第十二章9-10

9.又恐怕我因所得的啟示甚大,就過於自高,所以有一根刺加在我肉體上,就是撒但的差役要攻擊我,免得我過於自高。為這事,我三次求過主,叫這刺離開我。

10他對我說:我的恩典夠你用的,因為我的能力是在人的軟弱上顯得完全。所以,我更喜歡誇自己的軟弱,好叫基督的能力覆庇我。

加拉太書 第四章

你們知道我頭一次傳福音給你們,是因為身體有疾病。

=====================================================

聖保羅 在上面的信中,給人一些關於他患有慢性疾病的痛苦暗示,他卻當是魔鬼打擊了他,使他不再驕傲,也因幻聽幻想改信耶穌

以上這一事實的記述,人們很早就懷疑這起戲劇性的事件,可能是由保羅一次大規模的癲癇病發作引起

最近,這種觀點得到了現代醫學界的的支持:癲癇病發作會有持續數小時至數天視力有暫時性失明障礙的症狀或結果,並且在許多病例報告中都提及病人會有幻聽、幻視、錯覺、幻覺、被害妄想、思覺失調症..種種狀況,顯然在保羅身上得到証明

 

基督教日後因保羅的皈信,他放寬信徒信教的標準,讓教會有了很大發展的空間,保羅是猶太人卻有羅馬公民的身份,他主張廢除猶太教傳統如割禮等入門祭儀,也主張只要信,不用管律法,行為即使不正,只要靠信耶穌也可得救,是猶太人眼中的

褻瀆者,因而種下基督教徒日後在世間胡作非為毒害世人的癌毒後遺!也讓基督徒殘殺不信耶穌的猶太人與異教徒,有正當殺人的理由!

後來他與信徒西元70年參與造反羅馬,起義失敗被捕,終被砍頭,同時這次行動也害幾十萬猶太人被殺,也害猶太人

被分散到整個羅馬帝國所統各國下當奴,猶太教神殿更被毀,現只存哭牆,後來的基督徒厚彥無恥主動投靠君士坦丁,要替其抵抗突厥人的侵犯,到第四世紀時,終被羅馬皇帝狄奧多西一世認為值得好好利用才定為國教,但教派分裂,為爭權奪利互相撻伐,許多異瑞教派常被追殺,如逃至中國的景教徒,而日後分裂的羅馬公教,東正教、誓反教更是水火不容,互相宗教戰爭砍殺如30年戰爭,百年戰爭……,十字軍東征並互罵是惡魔、大淫婦..將基督教世界搞成黑暗世代污煙

瘴氣至今,與伊斯蘭教同樣是落後、迷信、殘暴、支持奴隸,反自由人權、反科學民主平等、欺辱婦女的宗教,至今也是!若說保羅是魔鬼所派來消滅猶太民族的差役也不算錯!

德國癲癇博物館Kork -癲癇和癲癇歷史博物館

© German Epilepsymuseum Kork - Museum for epilepsy and the history of epilepsy

 

來自 <https://yesus-dan-kristen.blogspot.com/2012/10/paulus-adalah-penderita-epilepsi.html>

Saint Paul

born 5-15 AD in Tarsus/Cilicia, died approx. 64 AD in Rome

In old Ireland, epilepsy was known as 'Saint Paul's disease'. The name points to the centuries-old assumption that the apostle suffered from epilepsy.

To support this view, people usually point to Saint Paul's experience on the road to Damascus, reported in the Acts of the Apostles in the New Testament (Acts 9, 3-9), in which Paul, or Saul as he was known before his conversion to Christianity, is reported to have a fit similar to an epileptic seizure: '...suddenly a light from the sky flashed around him. He fell to the ground and heard a voice saying to him: ''Saul, Saul! Why do you persecute me?''...Saul got up from the ground and opened his eyes, but he could not see a thing... For three days he was not able to see, and during that time he did not eat or drink anything.'

Saul's sudden fall, the fact that he first lay motionless on the ground but was then able to get up unaided, led people very early on to suspect that this dramatic incident might have been caused by a grand mal seizure. In more recent times, this opinion has found support from the fact that sight impediment-including temporary blindness lasting from several hours to several days-has been observed as being a symptom or result of an epileptic seizure and has been mentioned in many case reports.

In his letters St Paul occasionally gives discreet hints about his 'physical ailment', by which he perhaps means a chronic illness. In the second letter to the Corinthians, for instance, he states: 'But to keep me from being puffed up with pride... I was given a painful physical ailment, which acts as Satan's messenger to beat me and keep me from being proud.' (2 Corinthians, 12,7). In his letter to the Galatians, Paul again describes his physical weakness: 'You remember why I preached the gospel to you the first time; it was because I was ill. But even though my physical condition was a great trial to you, you did not despise or reject me.' (Galatians 4, 13-14) In ancient times people used to spit at 'epileptics', either out of disgust or in order to ward off what they thought to be the 'contagious matter' (epilepsy as 'morbus insputatus': the illness at which one spits).

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來自 <https://yesus-dan-kristen.blogspot.com/2012/10/paulus-adalah-penderita-epilepsi.html

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