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關鍵的復活紀事[特錄]
2009/03/05 08:19:09瀏覽711|回應4|推薦32

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關鍵的復活紀事   2009.3.5.(農曆二月九日‧驚蟄)[特錄]

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春日萬物復蘇的時候,杏花盛開,清明祭祖,也是野百合綻放,復活節的月份。這,都在天地生機盎然,欣欣向榮的春麗日子裡,是多麼巧合!彷彿有什麼美意嵌於其中哩。

"主復活"是基督信仰重心,這麼重大的事,經文裡,任何門徒口述或記載理應完全一致。但是細讀四福音實有出入,一度曾很感困惑:

至少,(1) 婦女們有沒有害怕,敢不敢告訴門徒應該很明確。

(2) 彼得和約翰都進墓親眼視察,應該每本福音書均提及,且內容相同,因為是最大和最確鑿的見證。

後來,一位弟兄分析給我的復活紀事。

“ There were 2 separate groups of women went there.  Perhaps one group said and one group didn't.  Gospel of Mark was written by an author on year 70 CE and he was not an eyewitness.  The differences in various gospels is a good indication of the truth.  As a counter-example.  During China's cultural revolution, many times all the newspapers told same lies.  It is then easy to tell those are lies as they are identical.  

Here is an outline of a possible harmony of the Evangelists' account concerning the principal events of Easter Sunday:

  • The holy women carrying the spices previously prepared start out for the sepulchre before dawn, and reach it after sunrise; they are anxious about the heavy stone, but know nothing of the official guard of the sepulchre (Matthew 28:1-3Mark 16:1-3Luke 24:1John 20:1).

  • The angel frightened the guards by his brightness, put them to flight, rolled away the stone, and seated himself not upon (ep autou), but above (epano autou) the stone (Matthew 28:2-4).

  • Mary Magdalen, Mary the Mother of James, and Salome approach the sepulchre, and see the stone rolled back, whereupon Mary Magdalen immediately returns to inform the Apostles (Mark 16:4Luke 24:2John 20:1-2).

  • The other two holy women enter the sepulchre, find an angel seated in the vestibule, who shows them the empty sepulchre, announces the Resurrection, and commissions them to tell the disciplesand Peter that they shall see Jesus in Galilee (Matthew 28:5-7Mark 16:5-7).

  • A second group of holy women, consisting of Joanna and her companions, arrive at the sepulchre, where they have probably agreed to meet the first group, enter the empty interior, and areadmonished by two angels that Jesus has risen according to His prediction (Luke 24:10).

  • Not long after, Peter and John, who were notified by Mary Magdalen, arrive at the sepulchre and find the linen cloth in such a position as to exclude the supposition that the body was stolen; for theylay simply flat on the ground, showing that the sacred body had vanished out of them without touching them. When John notices this he believes (John 20:3-10).

  • Mary Magdalen returns to the sepulchre, sees first two angels within, and then Jesus Himself (John 20:11-16Mark 16:9).

  • The two groups of pious women, who probably met on their return to the city, are favored with the sight of Christ arisen, who commissions them to tell His brethren that they will see him in Galilee(Matthew 28:8-10Mark 16:8).

  • The holy women relate their experiences to the Apostles, but find no belief (Mark 16:10-11Luke 24:9-11).

  • Jesus appears to the disciples, at Emmaus, and they return to Jerusalem; the Apostles appear to waver between doubt and belief (Mark 16:12-13Luke 24:13-35).

  • Christ appears to Peter, and therefore Peter and John firmly believe in the Resurrection (Luke 24:34John 20:8).

  • After the return of the disciples from EmmausJesus appears to all the Apostles excepting Thomas (Mark 16:14Luke 24:36-43John 20:19-25).

The harmony of the other apparitions of Christ after His Resurrection presents no special difficulties.

Briefly, therefore, the fact of Christ's Resurrection is attested by more than 500 eyewitnesses, whose experience, simplicity, and uprightness of life rendered them incapable of inventing such a fable, who lived at a time when any attempt to deceive could have been easily discovered, who had nothing in this life to gain, but everything to lose by their testimony, whose moral courage exhibited in theirapostolic life can be explained only by their intimate conviction of the objective truth of their message. Again the fact of Christ's Resurrection is attested by the eloquent silence of the Synagogue which had done everything to prevent deception, which could have easily discovered deception, if there had been any, which opposed only sleeping witnesses to the testimony of the Apostles, which did not punish the alleged carelessness of the official guard, and which could not answer the testimony of the Apostles except by threatening them "that they speak no more in this name to any man" (Acts 4:17). 

Peace, Hope and Joy! “

但是,曾仍有的疑問乃是:

1.馬可雖不是目擊者,但他是彼得貼身隨從,資料必自彼得,記述簡陋是奇的。

2.馬可明明一開首就提抹大拉馬利亞,怎又列入害怕婦女之內,叙述如此含糊?

然而,後來卻想到:四福音內容在耶穌升天後開始悄悄口傳,因躲避羅馬追捕,直至成書也是悄裡進行吧。最早,馬可福音的復活紀事最簡,是耳傳訊息故,或也需避藏什麼話語,便不及細節。後來門徒馬太補詳了,醫生路加有考證下筆,而親密門徒約翰最細緻,時序最清楚,也見愛之濃郁。

而,我總說:經文多屬直述體,不修飾,保留原作某些愚昧差誤,同時攤開人性美醜全面,絲亳沒有掩飾。正是聖經書寫特色。

這裡有一篇Did Jesus rise from the dead? 歷史事證的、心理角度的,很有力和詳盡的分析。

http://y-jesus.com/body_count1.php 

而歷史耶穌的實在性,可看這些求證:http://www.oc.org/web/modules/smartsection/item.php?itemid=3578 歷史上的耶穌 ()

http://www.oc.org/web/modules/smartsection/item.php?itemid=3629        ()

(網圖共賞:復活節彩蛋、基督復活)

 

 

 

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joycelinlin愷悅
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分享
2009/04/25 11:32

分享近日讀到此三文,感恩天父引領。

我的疑難釋了,自此可以休筆!

http://www.oc.org/web/modules/smartsection/item.php?itemid=3702

http://www.oc.org/web/modules/smartsection/item.php?itemid=3706

http://www.oc.org/web/modules/smartsection/item.php?itemid=3699

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joycelinlin愷悅(joycelinlin) 於 2009-04-25 11:46 回覆:

三文分別是:

苦難懸疑 ~ 周小安文,(靈魂) ~ 吳家望文,創造之神 ~  莊祖鯤文

joycelinlin愷悅(joycelinlin) 於 2009-08-31 08:56 回覆:

再一篇:

* http://www.oc.org/web/modules/smartsection/item.php?itemid=3314 

〈世界的宗教和耶穌的福音〉作者:傅愛華


joycelinlin愷悅
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"Jesus Christ Has Risen Today, Alleluia!"
2009/04/12 14:50

耶穌復活之後,門徒有驚人的轉變,由絕望膽怯變為勇敢希望無窮。多次見到復活的耶穌,記載在四福音之末及哥林多前書第15章。有一次同時顯現500人之間。

joycelinlin愷悅(joycelinlin) 於 2009-05-11 09:40 回覆:

生死似是一個大謎。每個宗教或神秘思想都告訴人揭開了這個大謎。其中,個人對於基督信仰的純樸明朗正面積極,對人性的全面透析,道成肉身的基督奉獻感化典範等等等等,召我追隨,覺認一條至理之途。基督說身體為上帝的聖殿,神靈與人靈同在,籍信重生為永生歸宿。


joycelinlin愷悅
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更正
2009/03/08 23:39
下面回應文其一句應為:"知道人死亡後靈的境界"

joycelinlin愷悅
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小段回應文
2009/03/08 15:44

‧"我是誰?" 從我眼我心我腦出去的明明是一個非常實在的"內在",一個真實的"指揮",我們直覺名之"靈",這是許多人有的識覺吧!如果我們慣為物質界掩蔽了直覺,才懷疑"我"是不是一個生滅出奇自動運作的肉體。

‧我們基督徒在神奇妙的引領下與衪"相遇"了,知道靈在死亡之後的境界,知道在這世的一切向神負責,於心可安。

* 以上是在 Dolphin Moon 的文章回應,也可貼切在這裡。

   https://blog.udn.com/franktmc/2710595