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Sep.1940 海獅行動德軍戰鬥序列
2011/03/05 14:05:29瀏覽2491|回應0|推薦5


好久沒動筆寫軍事相關的東西了,既然有朋友想知道一些英國與德國在二戰之間的事情,那我就先丟個當時德國不得不做的侵略計畫「海獅行動(SEALION-德文Seelowe),當中德軍的戰鬥序列。

Order of battle - Unternehmen Seelowe (Sealion)
(the planned invasion of the United Kingdom, Sep 1940)
海獅行動戰鬥序列-1940年九月入侵聯合王國的計畫

Army Group A
Commander-in-Chief: Generalfeldmarschall Gerd von Rundstedt
Chief of the General Staff: General der Infanterie Georg von Sodenstern
Operations Officer (Ia): Oberst Gunther Blumentritt
(A)陸軍部隊-
(一)A集團軍,總司令 Rundstedt元帥
參謀長 von Sodenstern 二級上將
作戰處長 Blumentritt 上校

A集團軍下轄有:
16th Army
Commander-in-Chief: Generaloberst Ernst Busch
Chief of the General Staff: Generalleutnant Walter Model
Operations Officer (Ia): Oberst Hans Boeckh-Behrens
Luftwaffe Commander (Koluft) 16th Army: Oberst Dr. med. dent. Walter Gnamm
Division Command z.b.V. 454: Charakter als Generalleutnant Rudolf Krantz 
(This staff served as the 16th Army’s Heimatstab or Home Staff Unit, which managed the assembly and loading of all troops, equipment and supplies; provided command and logistical support for all forces still on the Continent; and the reception and further transport of wounded and prisoners of war as well as damaged equipment. General der Infanterie Albrecht Schubert’s XXIII Army Corps served as the 16th Army’s Befehlsstelle Festland or Mainland Command, which reported to the staff of Generalleutnant Krantz. The corps maintained traffic control units and loading staffs at Calais, Dunkirk, Ostend, Antwerp and Rotterdam.)
1. 第十六軍團,軍團司令Busch一級上將 (註:登陸右翼)
參謀長 Model 中將
作戰處長Boeckh-Behrens上校
空軍聯絡官 Dr. med. dent. Walter Gnamm 上校(此軍官掛有醫科博士頭銜)
特編454師指揮部,指揮官Krantz中將
此指揮部乃統整指揮該軍團渡海部隊的集結與渡海,並負責未登陸部隊的補給作業,甚至是登陸後的後繼後勤補給與戰俘運送作業。另外軍團建制內之第二十三軍軍部編配給此指揮部充作交通運輸與裝卸作業之管制編組單位。運輸裝卸管制範圍為加萊、敦克爾克、奧斯坦德、安特衛普與鹿特丹。

FIRST WAVE
XIII Army Corps: General der Panzertruppe Heinrich-Gottfried von Vietinghoff genannt Scheel 
(First-wave landings on English coast between Folkestone and New Romney)
 – Luftwaffe II./Flak-Regiment 14 attached to corps
  17th Infantry Division: Generalleutnant Herbert Loch
  35th Infantry Division: Generalleutnant Hans Wolfgang Reinhard
第一波登陸部隊
步兵第十三軍,配有空軍防砲14團第二營(登陸範圍- Folkestone 與 New Romney之間 )
-步兵第17師
-步兵第35師

VII Army Corps: Generaloberst Eugen Ritter von Schobert 
(First-wave landings on English coast between Rye and Hastings) 
– Luftwaffe I./Flak-Regiment 26 attached to corps
1st Mountain Division: Generalleutnant Ludwig Kubler
7th Infantry Division: Generalleutnant Eccard Freiherr von Gablenz
步兵第七軍,配有空軍防砲26團第一營(登陸範圍- Rye 與 Hastings之間 )
-山地兵第1師
-步兵第7師

SECOND WAVE
V Army Corps: General der Infanterie Richard Ruoff
 (Transferred from the first to the second wave in early September 1940 so that the second echelons of the two first-wave corps could cross simultaneously with their first echelons)
12th Infantry Division: Generalmajor Walter von Seydlitz-Kurzbach
30th Infantry Division: General der Infanterie Kurt von Briesen
第二波登陸部隊
步兵第五軍
(在規劃時由第一波改為第二波,如此第一波後續部隊才可與先頭部隊同時接上)
-步兵第12師
-步兵第30師

XXXXI Army Corps: General der Panzertruppe Georg-Hans Reinhardt
8th Panzer Division: Generalleutnant Adolf Kuntzen 
– Luftwaffe Light Flak-Abteilung 94 attached to division
10th Panzer Division: Generalleutnant Ferdinand Schaal 
– Luftwaffe Light Flak-Abteilung 71 attached to division
29th Infantry Division (Motorized): Generalmajor Walter von Boltenstern 
– Luftwaffe Light Flak-Abteilung 76 attached to division
Infantry Regiment “Grosdeutschland”: Oberst Wilhelm-Hunold von Stockhausen
Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler Regiment: SS-Obergruppenfuhrer Josef “Sepp” Dietrich
步兵第四十一軍
-裝甲第8師,配有空軍輕防砲94營
-裝甲第10師,配有空軍輕防砲71營
-摩拖化步兵第29師,配有空軍輕防砲76營
-大德意志(GD)加強步兵團
-武裝SS希特勒親衛隊(LSSAH)加強步兵團

THIRD WAVE
IV Army Corps: General der Infanterie Viktor von Schwedler
24th Infantry Division: Generalmajor Hans von Tettau
58th Infantry Division: Generalmajor Iwan Heunert
第三波登陸部隊
步兵第四軍
-步兵第24師
-步兵第58師

XXXXII Army Corps: General der Pionere Walter Kuntze
45th Infantry Division: Generalleutnant Friedrich Materna
164th Infantry Division: Generalmajor Josef Folttmann
步兵第四十二軍
-步兵第45師
-步兵第164師

9th Army
(General der Artillerie Christian Hansen’s X Army Corps headquarters staff with the attached Luftwaffe I./Flak-Regiment 29 was in addition allocated to the 9th Army for use with the first-wave troops)
Commander-in-Chief: Generaloberst Adolf Straus
Chief of the General Staff: Generalleutnant Karl Adolf Hollidt
Operations Officer (Ia): Oberstleutnant Heinz von Gyldenfeldt
Luftwaffe Commander (Koluft) 9th Army: (possibly) Generalmajor Maximilian Kieffer *
Division Command z.b.V. 444: Generalmajor Alois Josef Ritter von Molo 
(This staff served as the 9th Army’s Heimatstab or Home Staff Unit, which managed the assembly and loading of all troops, equipment and supplies; provided command and logistical support for all forces still on the Continent; and the reception and further transport of wounded and prisoners of war as well as damaged equipment. It maintained loading staffs at Le Havre, Boulogne and Calais.)
2. 第九軍團,軍團司令Strauss一級上將 (註:登陸左翼)
參謀長 Hollidt 中將
作戰處長 von Gyldenfeldt中校
空軍聯絡官 Kieffer 少將(可能)
特編444師指揮部,指揮官 von Molo少將
此指揮部乃統整指揮該軍團渡海部隊的集結與渡海,並負責未登陸部隊的補給作業,甚至是登陸後的後繼後勤補給與戰俘運送作業。運輸裝卸管制範圍為加萊、哈維爾與布隆。

FIRST WAVE
XXXVIII Army Corps: General der Infanterie Erich von Lewinski genannt von Manstein
 (First-wave landings on English coast between Bexhill and Eastbourne) 
–Luftwaffe I./Flak-Regiment 3 attached to corps
26th Infantry Division: Generalleutnant Sigismund von Forster
34th Infantry Division: Generalmajor Werner Sanne
第一波登陸部隊
步兵第三十八軍,配有空軍防砲3團第一營(登陸範圍- Bexhill 與 Eastbourne之間 )
-步兵第26師
-步兵第34師

VIII Army Corps: General der Artillerie Walter Heitz
 (First-wave landings onEnglish coast between Beachy Head and Brighton) 
– Luftwaffe I./Flak-Regiment 36 attached to corps
6th Mountain Division: Generalmajor Ferdinand Schorner
8th Infantry Division: Generalleutnant Rudolf Koch-Erpach
28th Infantry Division: Generalmajor Johann Sinnhuber
步兵第八軍,配有空軍防砲36團第一營(登陸範圍- Beachy Head 與 Brighton之間 )
-山地兵第6師
-步兵第8師
-步兵第28師

SECOND WAVE
XV Army Corps: Generaloberst Hermann Hoth
4th Panzer Division: Generalmajor Willibald Freiherr von Langermann und Erlencamp 
– Luftwaffe Light Flak-Abteilung 77 attached to division
7th Panzer Division: Generalmajor Erwin Rommel 
– Luftwaffe Light Flak-Abteilung 86 attached to division
20th Infantry Division (Motorized): Generalleutnant Mauritz von Wiktorin 
–Luftwaffe Light Flak-Abteilung 93 attached to division
第二波登陸部隊
步兵第十五軍
-裝甲第4師,配有空軍輕防砲77營
-裝甲第7師,配有空軍輕防砲86營
-摩拖化步兵第20師,配有空軍輕防砲93營

THIRD WAVE
XXIV Army Corps: General der Panzertruppe Leo Freiherr Geyr von Schweppenburg
15th Infantry Division: Generalleutnant Ernst-Eberhard Hell
78th Infantry Division: Generalleutnant Curt Gallenkamp
第三波登陸部隊
步兵第二十四軍
-步兵第15師
-步兵第78師

Airborne Formations
7th Flieger-Division (Parachute): Generalmajor Richard Putzier 
(under Generalfeldmarschall Albert Keselring’s Luftflotte 2). 
The division was assigned drop zones in the area of Lyminge—Sellinge—Hythe on the right wing of the 16th Army and tasked with the immediate capture of the high ground north and northwest of Folkestone. The division consisted of Fallschirmjager Regiments 1, 2 and 3 commanded by Oberst Bruno Brauer, Oberst Alfred Sturm and Oberst Richard Heidrich respectively, and the Air Landing Assault Regiment commanded by Oberst Eugen Meindl. All four regiments were to be employed in the operation.
3. 空降部隊
-第七航空師(空降傘兵),納編於第二航空軍團
該師預定降落於Lyminge—Sellinge—Hythe一帶,也就是第十六軍團的右翼,以便立即奪取Folkestone的北方與西北方高地。該師下轄有傘兵第一、二、三團以及空降突擊步兵團,此四個團均預定投入行動。(以下為戰鬥編組)

1. Kampfgruppe “Meindl” was to land at Hythe, secure crossings over the Royal Military Canal at and west of Hythe and advance along the line from Hythe rail station to Saltwood to prevent any flanking moves by the British.
第一戰鬥群"Meindl"(空降突擊團團長親率)
 
2. Kampfgruppe “Stentzler” led by Major Edgar Stentzler, the commander of the II. Battalion of the Air Landing Assault Regiment was to drop and seize the heights at Paddlesworth and hold off any counter-attacks.
第二戰鬥群"Stentzler"(空降突擊團第二營營長親率)
 
These two groups would be timed to drop as the landing craft carrying 17th Infantry Division hit the beach near Folkestone.
此兩個戰鬥群計畫於步兵第17師登陸時空降,以便接應。

3. Kampfgruppe “Brauer” was to drop an hour later south of Postling. This enlarged group would consist of a complete parachute battalion, a parachute engineer battalion, the antitank company of FJR1, all of FJR2 and FJR3, and an extra battalion as divisional reserve.
第三戰鬥群"Brauer" 此一加強戰鬥群納編第一傘兵團其中一個傘兵營、空降工兵營、反裝甲連,還有整個的第二第三傘兵團,另師部控有一個營當作預備隊。
 
Once landed, Kampfgruppe “Brauer” was to take Stentzler’s group under its command and the combined force was to take Sandgate and the high ground west of Paddlesworth. FJR2 was to move north of Postling and guard against attack from the north while FJR3 was to secure the western flank with one battalion detached to capture and hold Lympe airfield for a later fly-in by 22nd Air Landing Division, possibly as late as S plus 5.
登陸後第三戰鬥群會接替第二群的位置,其他單位則照計畫拆開就戰鬥位置以待後續部隊如第22空降師等來接替換防。

22nd Air Landing Infantry Division: Generalleutnant Hans Graf von Sponeck 
(under OKH control, but temporarily placed under the command of the 16th Army on 20 September 1940)
-第22空降步兵師,陸軍總部預備隊但暫時受第十六軍團管轄

Bau-Lehr-Regiment z.b.V. 800 “Brandenburg” (In Invasion of England 1940: The Planning of Operation Sealion, author Peter Schenk notes very little source material exists on the role of the “Brandenburg” commandos in the operation. Schenk reconstructed the probable missions of the commandos from what little exits in the records of the first wave divisions and the recollections of former members of the regiment.)
-特編第800教導團 "Brandenburg"
(近來有資料表示該團有可能配屬在計畫中,以下是可能的計畫)

16th Army Area of Operations
A 131-man commando team with 50 light motorcycles of the 1st Company of the I. Battalion would cross the channel with the 35th Infantry Division—one platoon with the division’s advanced detachment and one with Panzer Battalion D. Another commando team from the I. Battalion with three reconnaissance tanks would also land with the 17th Infantry Division. Upon landing, the “Brandenburg” company would link up with a combat group led by Oberst Edmund Hoffmeister, the commander of Infantry Regiment 21 of the 17th Infantry Division. Composed of elements of the 17th Infantry Division, the 7th Flieger-Division, corps-level support troops and Panzer Battalion B, Hoffmeister’s battle group would push up the coast to Dover. The “Brandenburg” company would assist by taking out British positions on the coast and along the Royal Military Canal as well as suspected artillery positions to the north.
Another commando team consisting of elements of the regimental intelligence unit and most of the 4th Company of the I. Battalion would land with the first wave and attack Dover directly to prevent the sinking of block ships in the harbor entrance and to neutralize the coastal batteries on the Dover heights. (An alternative to landing this commando team with the first wave troops might have been the use of about 25 fast motorboats, i.e., customs authority and police boats, under command of Korvettenkapitan Strempel. Author Peter Schenk notes that Strempel was never informed of his objective, but it was likely Dover.)
第十六軍團作戰區域內的計畫
第一營1連的131員突擊隊將分搭50輛摩托車與步35師合作跨越運河,其中一排配與該師先遣部隊,另一排則與D戰車營一同行動。第一營另一個突擊隊將與步17師和三輛偵搜戰車同時登陸。團屬的一個特種連將與步17師以及第七航空師合作北進消滅途中的英軍據點。而團屬情報單位和一營4連所混編的突擊隊將在第一波登陸時攻擊多佛,以免港內船隻被英軍用作阻塞破壞之用,或者是搭乘25艘快艇進行突擊。

9th Army Area of Operations
The 11th Company of the III. Battalion was allocated to the 9th Army for first wave employment as follows: two commando teams of 72 and 38 men were assigned to the 26th Infantry Division and one commando unit of 48 men to the 34th Infantry Division. Mounted on light motorcycles, the first two commando teams were assigned the mission of destroying the gun battery at Beachy Head and the radio station to the north of it; the 48-man team’s mission is not recorded, but is was probably a similar task.
第九軍團作戰區域內的計畫
第三營11連,分成三個突擊隊,72人與38人分編兩組配給步26師,另外48員配給步34師,這些突擊隊都將搭乘摩托車去執行破獲砲台或者無線電台之類的任務。

6th Army
Commander-in-Chief: Generalfeldmarschall Walther von Reichenau
Chief of the General Staff: Oberst Ferdinand Heim
Operations Officer (Ia): Oberst Anton-Reichard Freiherr von Mauchenheim genannt Bechtolsheim
(二)第六軍團,軍團司令 von Reichenau元帥
參謀長 Heim上校
作戰處長 von Mauchenheim genannt Bechtolsheim上校

The 6th Army held the II Army Corps (General der Infanterie Walter Graf von Brockdorff-Ahlefeldt) with the 6th Infantry Division and the 256th Infantry Division, commanded by Generalleutnant Arnold Freiherr von Biegeleben and Generalmajor Gerhard Kauffmann respectively, in readiness for potential landings in Lyme Bay between Weymouth and Lyme Regis. Cherbourg would serve as the embarkation port for the 6th Army’s invasion forces. The 6th Army was under the command of Army Group C (Generalfeldmarschall Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb), which had taken over this function from Army Group B (Generalfeldmarschall Fedor von Bock) on 11 September 1940.
該軍團所轄步兵第二軍(步兵第6師和步兵第256師),在C集團軍管制下,伺機由最左翼登陸奪取港口作為第六軍團後續部隊上岸之用。

OKH Reserves
These divisions, comprising the Fourth Wave, were to be designated on S-10 Day.
(三)陸軍總部預備隊
此部分當作第四波登陸部隊,預定用於登陸後第十日。

Submersible/Amphibious Tanks
Three battalions were allocated to the 16th Army and one battalion to the 9th Army. As of 29 August 1940, the four battalions, lettered A-D, totaled 160 PzKpfw III (U) submersible tanks with 37mm guns, 8 PzKpfw III (U) submersible tanks with 50mm guns, 42 PzKpfw IV (U) submersible tanks with 75mm guns, and 52 PzKpfw II (Schwimm) amphibious tanks with 20mm guns. The battalions were organized into three companies of four platoons each. **
(四)潛水戰車
改裝後的潛水戰車編成四個戰車營,分別是A、B、C、D,三個配給十六軍團,另一個給九軍團。當中160輛三號戰車主砲為37mm口徑,8輛三號戰車為50mm口徑,還有42輛四號戰車搭配75mm口徑主砲,52輛二號戰車也配屬其中。每戰車營各有三個連,每連有四個排。

Luftwaffe

Luftflotte 2 (cooperating with the 16th Army)
Commander-in-Chief: Generalfeldmarschall Albert Keselring
Chief of the General Staff: Generalleutnant Wilhelm Speidel
Operations Officer (Ia): Oberstleutnant Walter Loebel
(B)空軍部隊
(一)第二航空軍團(與陸軍十六軍團合作),軍團司令 Keselring元帥
參謀長 Speidel中將
作戰處長 Loebel中校

VIII. Fliegerkorps (dive-bomber aircraft): 
General der Flieger Dipl. Ing. Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen
II. Fliegerkorps (bomber aircraft): General der Flieger Bruno Loerzer
9. Fliegerdivision (bomber and mine laying aircraft): Generalleutnant Joachim Coeler
Jagdfliegerfuhrer 1 (fighter aircraft): Generalmajor Theodor “Theo” Osterkamp
Jagdfliegerfuhrer 2 (fighter aircraft): Generalmajor Kurt-Bertram von Doring
第八航空軍(俯衝轟炸機)
第二航空軍(轟炸機)
第9航空師(轟炸機與佈雷)
第一戰鬥機指揮部
第二戰鬥機指揮部

II. Flakkorps 
– Tasked with air defense of the English Channel coast and ports during loading and unloading of the landing craft, support of Army troops and protecting the transport fleets against air and surface attacks. This Flakkorps also controlled those Luftwaffe Flak elements attached to the corps and divisions of the 16th Army (see that Army’s OOB).
Commanding General: Generalleutnant Otto Desloch
Chief of Staff: Oberst Georg Neuffer
第二防砲軍,除了防衛海峽沿岸的裝卸港口與部隊外,還管轄配屬於陸軍十六軍團的各防砲部隊。
 
  Flak-Regiment 6 (Ostende): Oberstleutnant Georg von Gyldenfeldt
  Flak-Regiment 136 (Boulogne): Oberstleutnant Alexander Nieper
  Flak-Regiment 201 (Calais): Oberstleutnant Adolf Pirmann
  Flak-Regiment 202 (Dunkirk): Oberstleutnant Donald von Alten
  防砲第6團(奧斯坦德)
  防砲第136團(布隆)
  防砲第201團(加萊)
  防砲第202團(敦克爾克)

Luftflotte 3 (cooperating with the 9th Army)
Commander-in-Chief: Generalfeldmarschall Hugo Sperrle
Chief of the General Staff: Generalmajor Gunther Korten
Operations Officer (Ia): Oberstleutnant Karl Koller
(二)第三航空軍團(與陸軍九軍團合作),軍團司令 Sperrle元帥
參謀長 Korten少將
作戰處長 Koller中校

I. Fliegerkorps (bomber and dive-bomber aircraft): Generaloberst Ulrich Grauert
IV. Fliegerkorps (bomber aircraft): Generalleutnant Kurt Pflugbeil
V. Fliegerkorps (bomber aircraft): General der Flieger Robert Ritter von Greim
Jagdfliegerfuhrer 3 (fighter aircraft): Oberst Werner Junck
第一航空軍(轟炸機與俯衝轟炸機)
第四航空軍(轟炸機)
第五航空軍(轟炸機)
第三戰鬥機指揮部

I. Flakkorps – Tasked with air defense of the English Channel coast and ports during loading and unloading of the landing craft, support of Army troops and protecting the transport fleets against air and surface attacks. This Flakkorps also controlled those Luftwaffe Flak elements attached to the corps and divisions of the 9th Army (see that army’s OOB).
Commanding General: Generaloberst Hubert Weise
Chief of Staff: Oberst Wolfgang Pickert
第一防砲軍,除了防衛海峽沿岸的裝卸港口與部隊外,還管轄配屬於陸軍九軍團的各防砲部隊。

Flak-Brigade I: Generalmajor Walther von Axthelm
  Flak-Regiment 102: Oberstleutnant Otto Stange
  Flak-Regiment 103: Oberst Alfred Kuprian
Flak-Brigade II: Oberst Erich Kressmann
  Flak-Regiment 101: Oberstleutnant Johann-Wilhelm Doering-Manteuffel
  Flak-Regiment 104: Oberst Hermann Lichtenberger
第1防砲旅(防砲102團和103團)
第2防砲旅(防砲101團與104團)

Kriegsmarine
(C)海軍部隊
 
Commander-in-Chief of Navy Group Command West: Generaladmiral Alfred Saalwachter
 (Responsible for operational direction of the “Sea Lion” light naval forces based in France and the Low Countries.)
海軍西面司令部,總司令 Saalwachter 一級上將
(負責法國至荷蘭一帶的輕型海軍兵力作戰管制)

Naval Commander West for Operation“Sea Lion”
(also the Fleet Chief): Admiral Gunther Lutjens 
(Responsible for the tactical control and protection of the four transport fleets. The Kriegsmarine began assembling the following formations for protection of the convoy routes: two destroyer flotillas at Le Havre and four torpedo boat flotillas at Cherbourg to protect the western flank and three motor torpedo boat flotillas at Zeebrugge, Flushing and Rotterdam to protect the eastern flank. Also, 27 U-boats under the direction of Vizeadmiral Karl Donitz were arranged to reinforce the convoy protection formations. Finally, nine patrol flotillas, 10 minesweeping flotillas and five motor minesweeping flotillas would accompany the transport convoys during the actual Channel crossing. An additional three minesweeping flotillas, two anti-submarine flotillas and 14 
minelayers were allocated to Navy Group Command West for supplementary support.)
Chief of Staff: Kapitan zur See Harald Netzbandt
海軍西部艦隊司令 Lutjens二級上將(統籌所有護航與運輸船艦)
參謀長 Netzbandt上校

Leader of Destroyers (also Chief of the 6th Destroyer Flotilla): Kapitan zur See Erich Bey 
– flagship: destroyer Hans Lody (Z 10).
第六驅逐戰隊司令 Bey上校(旗艦 - Z10)
 
Leader of Torpedo Boats: Kapitan zur See Hans Butow
魚雷艇指揮官 Butow上校
 
Commander of U-Boats: Vizeadmiral Karl Donitz
潛艦指揮官 Donitz少將
 
Transport Fleet “B” (Dunkirk): Vizeadmiral Hermann von Fischel 
– transporting the first echelons of the 17th and 35th Infantry Divisions and the staff and corps troops, including Panzer Battalions B and D (less one company from the latter), of the XIII Army Corps.
Tow Formation 1 (Dunkirk): Vizeadmiral von Fischel (as well as being the transport fleet commander)
Tow Formation 2 (Ostend): Kapitan zur See Walter Hennecke
Convoy 1 (Ostend): Kapitan zur See Wagner
Convoy 2 (Rotterdam): Kapitan zur See Ernst Schirlitz
「B」運輸艦隊,裝載第十三軍軍部和所轄的步17師與步35師,還有潛水戰車B和D營
第一運輸分隊(敦克爾克)
第二運輸分隊(奧斯坦德)
第一護航分隊(奧斯坦德)
第二護航分隊(鹿特丹)

Transport Fleet “C” (Calais): Kapitan zur See Gustav Kleikamp 
– transporting the first echelons of the 1st Mountain Division and the 7th Infantry Division and the staff and corps troops, including Panzer Battalion A, of the VII Army Corps.
Convoy 3 (Antwerp): Kapitan zur See Wesemann
「C」運輸艦隊,裝載第八軍和所轄的步7師與山地1師以及潛水戰車A營
第三護航分隊(安特衛普) 

Transport Fleet “D” (Boulogne): Kapitan zur See Werner Lindenau 
– transporting the first echelons of the 26th and 34th Infantry Divisions and the staff and corps troops, including Panzer Battalion C, of the XXXVIII Army Corps.
「D」運輸艦隊,裝載第三十八軍和所轄的步26師與步34師以及潛水戰車C營
 
Transport Fleet “E” (Le Havre): Kapitan zur See Ernst Scheurlen 
– transporting the first echelons of the 6th Mountain Division, the 8th and 28th Infantry Divisions 
and the staff and corps troops, including one company from Panzer Battalion D, of the VIII Army Corps.
  Echelon 1a (Le Havre): Korvettenkapitan von Jagow (originally designated Convoy 4)
  Echelon 1b (Le Havre): Kapitan zur See Ulrich Brocksien (originally designated Convoy 5)
「E」運輸艦隊,裝載第八軍和所轄的步8師、步28師和山地6師以及潛水戰車D營的一個連
1.a分隊(原第四護航分隊)
1.b分隊(原第五護航分隊)

Heavy Naval Units

The Kriegsmarine did not plan to employ its few remaining heavy surface units in the coastal waters of the main invasion area. Instead, they would be used for diversions to draw British naval forces away from the English Channel and tie down British troops away from the landing zones.

 

Two days prior to the actual landings, the light cruisers Emden (Kapitan zur See Hans Mirow), Nurnberg (Kapitan zur See Leo Kreisch with Vizeadmiral Hubert Schmundt, the Commander of Cruisers, aboard) and Koln (Kapitan zur See Ernst Kratzenberg), the gunnery training ship Bremse and other light naval forces would escort the liners Europa, Bremen, Gneisenau and Potsdam, with 11 transport steamers, on Operation “Herbstreise” (Autumn Journey), a feint simulating a landing against the English east coast between Aberdeen and Newcastle.*** After turning about, the force would attempt the diversion again on the next day if necessary. (Most of the troops allocated to the diversion would actually board the ships, but disembark before the naval force sortied.)

Shortly before the commencement of “Sea Lion,” the heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper (Kapitan zur See Wilhelm Meisel), on standby at Kiel from 13 September 1940, would carry out a diversionary sortie in the vicinity of Iceland and the Faroes.

The heavy cruiser Admiral Scheer (Kapitan zur See Theodor Krancke) would carry out another diversionary mission by raiding merchant shipping in the Atlantic. (It is doubtful this ship would have been available in time for the operation as she was undergoing extensive trials and crew training in the Baltic Sea following a major shipyard refit.)

The remaining German heavy surface units, the battlecruisers Scharnhorst (Kapitan zur See Kurt Caesar Hoffmann) and Gneisenau (Kapitan zur See Otto Fein), the heavy cruiser Lutzow (Kapitanleutnant Heller – caretaker commander) and the light cruiser Leipzig (decommissioned) were all undergoing repairs for varying degrees of battle damage and were thus not available for Operation “Sea Lion.”

In August 1940, the Kriegsmarine considered employing the pre-dreadnought battleships Schleswig-Holstein and Schlesien to provide artillery support for the landings, but ultimately rejected the idea.

其他大型海軍艦艇,不是被派出分散英軍注意力,就是仍在整修中,故在海獅作戰計畫中並未列入。


SS and Police

 

Representative of the Chief of the Security Police and SD in Great Britain: SS 

Standartenfuhrer Prof. Dr. phil. Franz Alfred Six (In a document dated 17 September 1940, SS-Gruppenfuhrer Reinhard Heydrich, the Chief of the SD Main Office, appointed Six to this post and dictated his mission: “Your task is to combat, 

with the requisite means, all anti-German organizations, institutions, opposition, and opposition groups which can be seized in England, to prevent the removal of all available material, and to centralize and safeguard it for future exploitation. I designate the capital, London, as the location of your headquarters as Representative of the Chief of the Security Police and SD; and I authorize you to set up small action groups [Einsatzgruppen] in other parts of Great Britain as well as the situation dictates and the necessity arises.”)

至於SS與警察也計畫在入侵之後隨之進駐負責起保安綏靖等各項事務。

( 時事評論國防軍事 )
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