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大多數蘇格蘭人說他們“不信教”
2020/03/23 09:49:54瀏覽101|回應0|推薦0

大多數蘇格蘭人說他們“不信教”

蘇格蘭人文社會協會(Humanist Society Scotland)發布的調查數據顯示,不到四分之一(23.6%)的人表示他們信奉宗教,而72.4%的人表示他們不信教。

這比2011年的類似一次民意調查有所提高,當時56%的人說他們不信教,而35%的人則說有。

人文主義者協會說,這些發現引起了人們對蘇格蘭官方統計宗教數據的關注。

它表明,由於調問問題的結構方式,進行人口普查數據和其他宗教研究的方式,給出了更高的宗教信仰數字。

在2016年最新的社會態度調查中,人們被問到是否“認為自己屬於任何特定宗教”。十分之六(58%)的人說他們不屬於宗教,而十分之四(41%)的人說他們屬於宗教。

蘇格蘭人道主義協會首席執行官戈登·麥克雷(Gordon MacRae)表示:“這些新發現引起了人們對蘇格蘭對宗教信仰的官方統計數字予以關注。

“我們知道,很多人通常是由於家庭信仰緣故而認同特殊的宗教組識,但他們自己並不奉行該宗教。

“這些最新調查表明,'官方統計數據'與宗教在蘇格蘭公眾日常生活中的地位之間的差異可能相差多達15%。

“這引起了有關政府根據法律賦予宗教團體特殊權利的關鍵政策決定的重大問題。例如,蘇格蘭教會擁有在地方教育委員會中保持權力平衡的權利。

“我們需要在蘇格蘭政治中達成新的共識,尊重和保護個人的宗教和信仰自由權,並將其與政策制定分開。蘇格蘭的民主需要到達一個我們不再有模糊教堂和國家界限的地方。”

天主教會發言人說:“蘇格蘭人文學會對最新民意測驗的反應令人困惑,但這並不令人驚訝。

“您是否信奉宗教信仰”這個問題並不適合回答“是/否”二元答案,因為宗教信仰傾向於以滑動比例而不是在極端範圍內出現。

“不應將72.4%的蘇格蘭人描述自己“不信教”,這意味著他們沒有宗教信仰。”

Bible and crossImage copyrightGETTY IMAGESImage captionThe Humanist Society has raised concerns about the prominence given to religion in Scotland.

The number of Scots who say they are not religious has risen to almost three quarters, according to new research.

Just under a quarter (23.6%) said they were religious, while 72.4% said they were not, figures released by Humanist Society Scotland showed.

This was up from a similar poll in 2011 when 56% said they were not religious while 35% said they were.

The Humanist Society said the findings raised concerns about official statistics on religion in Scotland.

It suggested that the way in which census data and other studies of religion were being carried out gave higher figures of religiosity due to the way the question was framed.

'Special rights'

Almost six in ten (58%) said they didn't belong to a religion while just over four in ten (41%) said they did.

Gordon MacRae, chief executive of the Humanist Society Scotland, said: "These new findings raise concerns about the official statistics on the adherence to religion in Scotland.

"We know that many people identify with a particular religious community, usually due to family ties, but are not themselves practising that religion.

"These latest findings would suggest there could be as much as a 15% difference between 'official statistics' and the reality of religion's place in the Scottish public daily lives.

"This raises major questions about key policy decisions made by government regarding special rights given to religious bodies under law. For example, the right of Scotland's churches to hold the balance of power on local education committees.

"We need a new consensus in Scottish politics that respects and protects individuals' right to freedom of religion and belief and separating this from policy making. Scotland's democracy needs to get to a place where we stop blurring the lines of church and state."

Interior of Glasgow cathedralImage copyrightGETTY IMAGESImage captionAttendance at Christian church services has fallen by more than half over 30 years.

The Survation poll of 1,016 Scottish adults was carried out between September 8 and 12 this year for Humanist Society Scotland.

Of those questioned, 4% preferred not to say whether or not they were religious.

The Progressive/YouGov poll of 2,007 Scottish adults was carried out in between January 10 and 14, 2011.

It found that 56% said they were not religious while 35% said they were and 8% said they did not know while 1% did not respond.

Earlier this year a survey of Scottish Christians found that the number of people who regularly attend church services had fallen by half over 30 years.

Food banks

Rev Norman Smith, convener of the Church of Scotland's mission and discipleship council, said: "The Church of Scotland is well aware that formal church membership has declined, yet as our own research, detailed in Steve Aisthorpe's book The Invisible Church shows, the role of spirituality in people's lives remains important.

"As a Church we are not driven by numbers, although we are committed to sharing our faith through our words and our deeds.

"It is no accident that people of faith across the country are over-represented in volunteer activities from supporting youth groups and operating dementia cafes to running food banks.

"We are also exploring new, fresh ways to express our faith and planting new churches, such as Dunfermline East, St Columba's Inverness, and through our pioneer ministries.

"The primary task of the church has not changed throughout the ages but the way we tackle that task continues to evolve. In the midst of decline you can find growth and in the midst of growth you can find decline. That is how it has always been."

A spokesman for the Catholic Church said: "The Humanist Society Scotland response to the latest poll is confused, yet not surprising.

"The question "are you religious" does not lend itself to a binary 'Yes/No' answer since religiosity tends to exist on a sliding scale rather than at either end of a stark spectrum.

"That 72% of Scots describe themselves as not "religious" should not be read as implying, they have 'no religion'

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